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Climate

Climate, flora and fauna

Climate

Climate

The geographical position of the Dubrovnik area is typically Mediterranean, with mild rainy winters and hot, humid summers (average of 2,600 hours of sunlight per year). The average annual rainfall is 1,250 mm, the average air temperature is 17 ° C, and the summer sea temperature is 21 ° C. There are many sunny days during the winter months as well. The average summer temperature is 25 ° C, and the mild breeze ˝maestral˝, known as the messenger of good weather, provides relief, while during the cooler months, the most common winds are ˝bura˝ and ˝jugo˝. Croatian National Meteorological and Hydrological Service: http://www.dhmz.htnet.hr/

Flora and Fauna

Our coastline is beautiful, dotted with bays, beaches, steep cliffs and numerous forested islands. The flora of the Dubrovnik region is characterized by diversity, but cypress, pine, and olive trees are most dominant. There are numerous vineyards and citrus fruit orchards, including lemons, oranges and tangerines.

 

There is an abundance of aromatic plants and flowers on the slopes of the hills around Dubrovnik and on the islands, as well as exotic plants such as palms, agaves and cacti. The Renaissance gardens and parks of Dubrovnik palaces and villas were cultivated and there were once many species of plants from all over the world, brought to the city by Dubrovnik’s sea captains. Part of this botanical plant wealth is preserved in the Trsteno Arboretum and in the Arboretum on the island of Lokrum.

 

The beautiful Mediterranean landscape and is home to many animal species, while the Adriatic Sea hides an endless wealth of riches below. One bird species, the swift, precisely the black swift (Apus apus, Linne 1758), is commonly found in the area during the summer and has become a symbol of the City of Dubrovnik. The leading European Association for Environmental Protection – the Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU) from Bonn – declared the swift the bird of the year in 2003.


The black swift is an excellent flier, with a body that is extremely well-adapted to life in the air. It spends the majority of its life in the air: it finds food, mates, collects material for its nest, and it is particularly interesting that it occasionally sleeps while flying. The black swift is a migratory bird that flies in quite late, usually in the first half of April.


It is a bird faithful to its native area and it returns to the same place where it was hatched. They are unusually numerous in the historic town centre of Dubrovnik, the Old City, where its vocalizations create a distinctive soundscape. The birds nest in rock crevices, holes in the walls, especially the City Walls, or in the roofs of older buildings.... (www.ciopa.hr).

The beautiful Mediterranean landscape is home to numerous animal species, while the Adriatic Sea hides an inexhaustible wealth of species. An overview of the fauna from the Dubrovnik region is exhibited in the Dubrovnik Natural History Museum and the Dubrovnik Aquarium provides insight into the deep blue world hidden below the surface.

 

Dubrovnik Aquarium: http://www.imp-du.com/index.php?action=akvarij_dubrovnik&lan=hr

Dubrovnik Natural History Museum: http://www.pmd.hr/

   
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