lies in the far southeast of Dubrovnik, Dalmatia and the Republic of Croatia.
There are about thirty picturesque villages that exhibit autochthonous architecture, surrounded by exceptional vegetation growing on rocky red soil, including lavish groves of pine, cypress and the Mediterranean macchia. Konavle received its historical name from the canals (Canales) dating back to the 1st century A.D.
The canals passing through this area used to bring water from the wells in Vodovada to ancient Epidaurum. You can still see the remnants of the old waterworks right next to the field path there is also an inscription in Vodovada at a place where the water originated and in Cavtat to where it was brought. As early as the 16th century, these canals evoked great interest among many historians and humanists, who came to admire the amazing techniques used during the Roman epoch.
The history of Konavle is very interesting. The peoples of Konavle have preserved their customs and traditions, as demonstrated by their unique and elaborate folk costume, specific way of life and exceptional industriousness. Around 2000 years B. C., Konavle was an integral part of the Illyrian ethnic region together with the Enchaelean tribes. Many tumuli date to this period, including the largest tumulus on the Adriatic known as Strina, as well as small towers, boundary stones and small houses, etc. Today, the names of many villages reflect their Illyrian origin.
Konavle was always closely connected to the destiny of old Epidaurum or present-day Cavtat, and Dubrovnik. It shared the same history from Illyrian, Greek, Roman and Croatian periods, from the 7th century B.C. up to the present day. Konavles turbulent history is closely connected to that of Dalmatia and Croatia on the Adriatic coast. During the Dubrovnik Republic, Konavle was a rich source of agricultural produce. There were many summer manors and farm houses belonging to the Dubrovnik nobility, who were the exclusive owners of Konavle.
The village Pridvorje (meaning ante-room) was named after a palace belonging to the Dubrovnik rectors, who had governed Konavle in the name of the Republic. Pridvorje has an old Franciscan monastery dating to the 15th century, a valuable cultural monument with extravagant architecture. At the end of 1991, it was burnt and completely destroyed by the enemy, but it is now restored.
A medieval stela can be found in the village Brotnice, unique for its architecture, relief-work and symbols, and a giant square stone block - one of the largest and most beautiful stellae in our country.
The famous Soko-kula (meaning the Hawk-tower) dating to the 15th century is in a village called Dunave, which was a frontier post and stronghold of the Dubrovnik Republic. Ilija Crijevic, one of Dubrovniks greatest humanists and poets from the 15th-16th century Dubrovnik, spent several years here as governor.
On the whole area of the Konavle plain The entire Konavle plain is dotted with numerous old rustic churches and chapels, with distaff belfries, which dominate the Konavle hilltops.